Did you know?
There are 6 main syllable types in English!
Knowing these syllable patterns and the sound correspondences can make decoding and reading more accessible. Here are the 6 syllable types and their patterns!
Closed Syllables most often produce a short vowel sound. They are characterized by having at least one consonant after one vowel in a spoken and written syllable. (ie: cat)
Open Syllables end with one single vowel which most often produces a long vowel sound. Open syllables are characterized by ending with the vowel and nothing coming after it in the spoken/written syllable. (ie: be, me/ter)
Vowel Pair/Team syllables have varying sounds and are characterized by having 2 side-by-side vowels in a spoken/written syllable. (ie: see, book, cow)
Vowel-r syllables often produce an unexpected sound for the vowel. R-controlled syllables are characterized by having a vowel with an r after it in the syllable. (ie: star, circle, fern)
Vowel-consonant-e syllables have a vowel with one consonant after it followed by a silent e. This e is a signal or placeholder that informs the reader that the vowel is no longer short but instead will represent the long vowel sound. Long vowels say their name. (rate, kite, athlete)
C-le syllables are in the final position of a multisyllable base word. This syllable is never accented. Final stabel syllables (c-Le) is characterized by having a consonant followed by an l and a silent e. (ie: purple, stumble)
I hope this information helps you better understand the decodability of English words. Knowing syllable patterns and their corresponding sounds can help students build automaticity when they are reading at the word level. The automatic word reading ability they refine over time practicing can help them spend more time building comprehension as they improve their reading. Improving fluency can positively impact comprehension.